Glossary

Aerosolize
[air-uh-saw-lahyz]
A system of particles dispersed in a gas, smoke, or fog
Acute
[uh-kyoot]
Brief and severe (opposite of chronic)
Antibiotic resistance
[an-ti-bahy-ot-ik] [ri-zis-tuh ns]
Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change and evolve, which reduces the effectiveness of treatments designed to cure or prevent infections. The bacteria survive and continue to multiply, causing more harm
Asthma
[az-muh]
An uncontrollable, often allergic breathing disorder, that causes muscles in your airways of your lungs to tighten. This results in wheezing, coughing, and tightness in the chest
Bacteria
[bak-teer-ee-uh]
Organisms that live everywhere and are made up of different species, including infectious diseases
Bronchi
[brong-kee]
An airway that brings air into the lungs
Bronchiectasis
[brong-kee-ek-tuh-sis]
A disease in which the lungs are swollen, due to excessive coughing and coughing up mucus
Chest CT Scan
[chest] [skan]
An x-ray image of the chest taken with a CAT scanner
Chronic
[kron-ik]
Continuing over a long amount of time or recurring frequently (opposite of acute)
Clearance device
[kleer-uh ns] [dih-vahys]
A device that breaks up mucus, prevents it from building up, and allows for it to be cleared easily
COPD
(Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
A lung disease that leads to poor breathing. COPD is a term that is used to include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, or a combination of both
Dietitian
[dahy-i-tish-uh n]
A person who is an expert in nutrition
Environment
[en-vahy-ruh n-muh nt]
The combination of all surrounding things, conditions, or influences
Flare-up
[flair-uhp]
A sudden outbreak of symptoms
Infectious disease specialist
[in-fek-shuh s] [dih-zeez]
[spesh-uh-list]
A medical expert who focuses on diseases resulting from the presence of an infection
Inflammation
[in-fluh-mey-shuh n]
Redness, swelling, pain, tenderness, and heat in an area of the body
M abscessus
(Mycobacterium abscessus)
[ab-sess-ess]
A species of NTM
MAC
(Mycobacterium avium complex)
[mahy-koh-bak-teer-ee-uh m]
[kom-pleks]
MAC is the most common species of NTM
M kansasii
(Mycobacterium kansasii)
[can-zays-ee-eye]
A species of NTM
M malmoense
(Mycobacterium malmoense)
[mal-mow-ense]
A species of NTM
M szulgai
(Mycobacterium szulgai)
[sool-guy]
A species of NTM
M xenopi
(Mycobacterium xenopi)
[zen-no-pie]
A species of NTM
Mucus
[myoo-kuh s]
A slimy mixture that is produced by glands lining your nose and throat. It also protects and lubricates surfaces in your body
NTM
(nontuberculous mycobacteria)
[nah-un-too-bur-kyuh-luh s]
[mahy-koh-bak-teer-ee-uh]
NTM is an infection that occurs in your lungs. The infection is caused by a bacteria
Permanent
[pur-muh-nuh nt]
Lasting forever and cannot be reversed
Postmenopausal
[pohst] [men-uh-paw-zuh l]
The period after menopause, usually occurring between the ages of 45 and 55
Progressive
[pruh-gres-iv]
To progress or change
Pulmonologist
[pul-mə-nal-ə-jəst]
A medical specialist who diagnoses and treats lung diseases
Rare
[rair]
Coming or occurring far apart in time; uncommon. A rare disease is defined as one that affects fewer than 200,000 people
Respiratory system
[res-per-uh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee]
[sis-tuh m]
The system that brings oxygen into the body and releases carbon dioxide
Severe or chronic pneumonia
[suh-veer] [kron-ik]
[noo-mohn-yuh]
Critical inflammation of the lungs with congestion that lasts for a long time
Specialist
[spesh-uh-list]
A doctor who devotes attention to a particular class of diseases or patients
Sputum culture
[spyoo-tuh m] [kuhl-cher]
A test for infection that requires saliva, mixed with mucus or pus, to be spit from the lungs and mouth
Tuberculosis
[too-bur-kyuh-loh-sis]
A contagious disease that may affect almost any tissue of the body, especially the lungs

All definitions taken and adapted for patients from Dictionary.com.